Robinson was named the NL Rookie of the Year in 1956 after hitting 38 home runs and driving in 83 runs.
"We mourn the loss of Hall of Famer and Orioles Legend Frank Robinson", the Orioles wrote in a short statement on Twitter.
Robinson crafted a Hall of Fame career from deft skill with the bat and a fiery personality. The 12-time All-Star is the only player in MLB history to win an MVP Award in both the National and American League. Robinson won his MVP awards with the Reds in 1961 and the Orioles in 1966.
Robinson, who led the AL with a.316 average, 47 home runs and 122 runs batted in, was the first Triple Crown victor since 1947.
He would win two World Series titles in his six years with the Orioles. In fact, in his second to last season in 1975, the Cleveland Indians named him player-manager of the club, making him the first black manager in the major leagues. Robinson went on to play for five teams during his more than two-decade long career, winning the Triple Crown in 1966 with the Orioles during the same season that he won his first World Series championship-and was voted World Series MVP-with Baltimore. He represented four franchises as a manager, most recently when Baseball returned to Washington, DC with the Nationals in 2005. The Reds, Orioles and Indians each have retired Robinson's No. 20 and saluted him with statues at their ballparks. The Indians compiled a 186-189 record under Robinson, who finished with a.294 careers average including 586 home runs and 2,943 hits.
On Dec. 9, 1965, the Cincinnati Reds traded Robinson to the Orioles for pitchers Milt Pappas, Jack Baldschun and outfielder Dick Simpson. "He was one of the greatest players in the history of our game, but that was just the beginning of a multifaceted baseball career".
"Heartbreaking news in the passing of my Dear Friend & @McClymondsHS classmate Frank Robinson", Russell, who became the first black head coach in the National Basketball Association, tweeted. At the time of his retirement, Robinson trailed only Henry Aaron, Babe Ruth and Willie Mays.
He played for the Dodgers in 1972 and was traded to the California Angels after the season, played with them in 1973 and for most of the 1974 season before he was dealt to Cleveland.
"I knew there was going to be an terrible lot of pressure, a lot of expectation and a lot of unhappy people because when things went right, fine, but when things went wrong, it was going to be doubly bad because of me being the first black manager", Robinson said. In his post-playing days, he won Manager of the Year with the O's in 1989.