Almost 40 percent of voters cast their ballots to express opposition to the president, according to AP VoteCast, a national survey of the electorate, while about 25 percent said they voted to express support for Trump. With Democrats winning the House, they must now elect their leader, and Pelosi's future will depend on the outcome of a simmering party power struggle.
"Nothing is more powerful than the voice of the American people, and they spoke out loud and clear: Donald Trump does not stand for our values, the Republican Party has failed to hold him accountable, and it's time for bold Democratic leadership in Washington. All indications are that neither of those factors support expanding multiples for stocks", said Mohannad Aama, managing director at Beam Capital Management in NY.
Republicans are expected to retain their slight majority in the U.S. Senate, now at two seats, which would let them retain the power to approve U.S. Supreme Court and other judicial nominations on straight party-line votes.
Republicans, meanwhile, retained control of the Senate after GOP candidates unseated incumbent Democrats in IN and North Dakota and won an open seat in Tennessee. In one result that did not come as a surprise, former Republican presidential nominee Mitt Romney won a Senate seat in Utah.
Democrats won a number of historically Republican districts including many that Trump carried just two years ago.
"I believe that you can have a simple vote in Congress, or it's even possible, in my opinion - this is after meeting with some very talented legal scholars - that you can do it through an executive order", Mr. Trump said last week about birthright citizenship.
House Democrats will meet behind closed doors later this month to elect party leaders, and Pelosi is expected to win the most votes in the caucus. State Rep. Matt Castlen, R-Owensboro defeated Democrat Bob Glenn, an Owensboro city commissioner, for the seat vacated by Sen.
Republicans paved their path to victory by defeating Democrats Joe Donnelly of Indiana, Heidi Heitkamp of North Dakota and Claire McCaskill of Missouri.
Trump's Republican coalition is increasingly older, whiter, more male and less likely to have a college degree.
The US midterm elections Wednesday saw the Republicans retaining their hold on the 100-member Senate, while the Democrats consolidated their position in the House of Representatives. Several television networks, including the president's favorite Fox News Channel, yanked a Trump campaign advertisement off the air on the eve of the election, determining that its portrayal of a murderous immigrant went too far.
The election on Tuesday may resolve some issues. AP VoteCast also showed a majority of voters considered President Trump a factor in their votes.
"The midterm elections used to be, like, boring", Trump said at a raucous rally Monday in Cleveland, Ohio.
The president's current job approval, set at 40 percent by Gallup, was the lowest at this point of any first-term president in the modern era. In turn, Trump began trying out defensive arguments ahead of Election Day, noting that midterm losses are typical for the party in the White House, pointing out a high number of GOP retirements and stressing that he had kept his focus on the Senate.
Meanwhile, the Senate is losing Democratic moderates and gaining Trump-loyal Republicans. She shepherded then president Barack Obama's health law through the House to its contentious, historic passage in 2010.
But in Kentucky, one of the top Democratic recruits, retired Marine fighter pilot Amy McGrath, lost her bid to oust to three-term Rep. Andy Barr in the Lexington-area district. Democrats are left hoping that the four liberal members of the bench remain in good health for the next two years.
The Senate lost two senior Democrats on the Senate Armed Services Committee: Sen.
We'll find out if Mr Trump's final push to get his loyal supporters to the polls worked, or if this was a new wave of voters driven by a dislike of what's going on in the White House. In an even more bitter contest that has been rocked by race rows and feuds over ballot access, Democrat Stacey Abrams is trying to become the nation's first black female governor in Georgia. The number of seats each U.S. state receives depends on its population size.