World gazes at total lunar eclipse, longest of this century

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Kenyans joined the rest of the world last night to observe the historic moment of the longest lunar eclipse of the 21st century.

However, the partial eclipse will be visible for nearly four hours.

The term "blood moon" was popularised by Christian pastor John Hagee in 2013 following the release of the book Four Blood Moons, which highlighted a lunar sequence of four total eclipses that occurred in 2014/15.

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The eclipse will be visible from Europe, Africa, and the Middle East between sunset and midnight on July 27 and then between midnight and sunrise on July 28 in much of Asia and Australia.

Sunlight passing through Earth's atmosphere will light the moon in a dramatic fashion, turning it red.

Nigeria to experience longest total lunar eclipse Friday – Scientist
‘Blood moon’: How to watch the longest lunar eclipse of the century

The rising full moon will also change from shining silver to deep blood-red during the eclipse. For this eclipse, Diego says skywatchers can expect to see a "bright red-orange moon".

"I think it's more exciting to show the moon among a setting at the point of capture, so it was good to have time to experiment and get that right photo". During this time, the shadow of the earth will be between the moon and the sun.

Rain clouds and thunderstorms could prevent skygazers from seeing the "blood moon" lunar eclipse as forecasters warn of torrential downpours across eastern parts of Great Britain.

Dr Brown said: "As the entire eclipse will occur when the moon is fairly close to the horizon, the main thing to ensure is that you have a clear sightline to the south east". The planet, which has been visible with the naked eye for more than a week, won't be as close to Earth for another 17 years.

A total lunar eclipse happens when Earth takes position in a straight line between the moon and sun, blotting out the direct sunlight that normally makes our satellite glow whitish-yellow. "The rim of the earth would be glowing because light is being scattered by the earth's atmosphere". The centre's curator, Ramswaroop, said: "The lunar eclipse will likely be for around six hours".

However, babies born today have a chance to watch the shortest total lunar eclipse of the century on September 8, 2090. They also asked about misconceptions such as avoiding having during eclipses.