Trump's supporters in the House of Representatives have been threatening to impeach Rosenstein for a while, accusing him of dragging his feet on providing requested documents related to the Russian Federation investigation.
Rosenstein has outlasted months of threats of impeachment or other punitive action, and some lawmakers are predicting he's in the clear at least for now.
Rosenstein's antagonists, however, led by Republicans Mark Meadows of North Carolina and Jim Jordan of OH, have vowed that they will continue to pursue the effort and keep up their campaign against Rosenstein and the Justice Department, which they argue are stonewalling requests for information about the 2016 elections investigations.
The House is scheduled to leave on Thursday on a recess that extends until the first week of September.
The impeachment articles come as evidence continues to mount regarding the Department of Justice's problematic decision-making during the 2016 campaign and conduct surrounding the transition to President Trump's administration in 2017.
"With Attorney General Sessions' recusal, Rod Rosenstein has been in charge of the Department of Justice as the agency has made every effort to obstruct legitimate attempts of Congressional oversight".
Republican leaders, however, have said in recent weeks that they are satisfied with the Justice Department's progress.
At the time of filing the articles of impeachment, only 11 of the House's 236 Republicans said they would sign it.
The move comes after months of criticism aimed at the department - and the Russian Federation investigation in particular - from Trump and his Republican allies in Congress. Trump has fumed about Mueller's probe and repeatedly called it a "witch hunt", a refrain echoed by some of the lawmakers. Ahead of a meeting with Republican House members earlier Wednesday, a DOJ official insisted that they have largely complied with the subpoenas, and are working on finding accommodations for the information and documents that still need to be turned over.
House Speaker Paul Ryan says he does not support an effort by Republican House conservatives to impeach Deputy Attorney General Rod Rosenstein. It is not filed as a privileged resolution, so the odds of it ever coming to a vote are extremely long, assuming Ryan doesn't disincorporate entirely.
Attorney General Jeff Sessions and others hailed Rosenstein, and he appeared to remain safe in his job.
The odds that Rosenstein will actually be impeached are slim.
Rosenstein told lawmakers in June that he and the Justice Department are doing their best to provide the information sought by Congress.
Democrats argue the move is little more than an attempt to damage the investigation into Trump's dealings. Meadows said after that meeting that there was still "frustration" with how the department has handled the oversight requests. Telling colleagues in May: "The Department of Justice is not going to be extorted". The department has created new search systems, set up classified reading rooms and tasked dozens of employees to produce the hundreds of thousands of documents that Republican lawmakers have requested over the past year.
So far, the special counsel has charged 32 people and three companies.
Democratic Reps. Jerrold Nadler of New York, Elijah Cummings of Maryland and Adam Schiff of California said Rosenstein "stands as one of the few restraints against the overreaches of the president and his allies in Congress".