World No Tobacco Day 2018 will focus on the impact tobacco has on the cardiovascular health of people worldwide.
According to Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS India Report 2009-2010) almost 1 million people die in India every year due to tobacco use. "And one of the major factors impeding low- and middle-income countries is that certainly, countries face resistance from the tobacco industry that wishes to replace clients who die by freely marketing their products and keeping prices affordable for young people", says the WHO's Director of the Department for the Prevention of Noncommunicable Diseases, Douglas Bettcher.
Despite all efforts at tobacco control, w.h.o says annually, the substance costs households and governments over $1.4 trillion, an equivalent of about 504 trillion Naira.
Three million people die prematurely every year due to cardiovascular diseases related to tobacco use, including 890,000 deaths through exposure to second-hand smoke, the world body added. "The problem is MS has fairly low tobacco tax, state tobacco tax", said McMillan.
But reductions in smoking rates in some nations "are nearly entirely offset by the increasing consumption in many countries with weaker tobacco control regulations", says The Tobacco Atlas anti-smoking lobby.
In the region of the Americas, tobacco is responsible for 900,000 deaths per year, including 72,000 premature deaths caused by second-hand exposure to tobacco smoke, and associated with 11% of the deaths caused by CVD.
Officials with Alberta Health Services marked World No Tobacco Day on Thursday by highlighting the many programs and services in place to help people quit smoking and all forms of tobacco. For women, 11 per cent smoked in 2000, compared to 6 per cent in 2015.
"World No Tobacco Day is a chance for governments and the public to take firm action".
Worldwide, about 7 per cent, or just over 24 million children aged 13-15, smoke cigarettes (17 million boys and 7 million girls).
Elsewhere in Asia, and around the world, millions of smokers are switching like never before from cigarettes to innovative, smoke-free alternatives like electronic cigarettes or heated tobacco products.Both of these disruptive products eliminate the smoke and significantly reduce levels of harmful chemicals, while still delivering the nicotine and ritual that millions of smokers seek. The use of Bidis account for a significant proportion of tobacco use.
Countries have committed to reducing premature death from NCDs by one-third by 2030 as part of the Sustainable Development Goals, as well as implementing the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC). "Choose Health, not Tobacco".